The double bit axe has a long history that dates back to the Stone Age with the emergence of tool production. The most primitive tool known as a hand axe, it was originally made in a pear shape with a broad handle and was used for a variety of routine chores such as skinning animals or digging tasks. One of the earliest examples of double bit axes is the double-headed battle axe which was first invented in 3400-2900 BC. It features a flared edge that became more popular later, these axes had a durable build and were equipped with homogeneous stones, such as porphyry.
Another unique type of axe from the Late Stone Age is the polygonal axe. It is typically designed from special stone or greenstone and has exclusive features including ridges, grooves, widening edge, and a curved butt. The boat axe is another ancient name for the shaft-hole axe and is now known as a battle axe. It was often used for ceremonial purposes and many of these axes were observed in North-Eastern Europe, but the details varied depending on the culture.
In addition to its practical use as a tool, the axe also has a long history as a weapon. The double-headed battle axe was used in close combat, and the throwing axe was used as a projectile. The ancient models used to have sharp blades and short handles, for example the Fransiska was a commonly used handheld axe in close combat. The warriors were specialized at throwing axes with excellent precision to hunt their targets.
The axe also holds a significant symbolic meaning and representation in many cultures. In the Swedish History Museum in Stockholm, a double-headed battle axe made of clay is presented, representing the circle of life. The two axe blades signify birth and death in the form of a ritual. Many other axes were also used in festivities and religious ceremonies. The labyrinth referred to as the house of the double axe in Minoan culture, signifies power. The double bit axe was also a symbol of life and was closely associated with the goddesses Artemis and Demeter in ancient Greek culture. In the temple of Knossos on the Isle of Crete, the double bit axe was an important symbol, where women were in charge of the annual ritual of entering the labyrinth, killing a bull, engaging in sexual activity and cutting the vines in the vineyards. The double bit axe was seen as a symbol of fertility, growth, and women’s power.
In today’s time, the axe has evolved into a tool that comes with the finest details and advanced built, it is being used for both indoor and outdoor chores. Double bit axes are still a valuable tool in industries such as logging and construction, as well as by outdoor enthusiasts, survivalists, and bushcrafters. It’s also used in axe throwing and other recreational activities. It is safe to say that the power and ultimate role of an axe cannot be underestimated.